14 de outubro de 2008

Métodos da ergonomia

# Sugestão de leitura da semana:

Stanton, N. A., Hedge, A.,Brookhuis, K., Salas, E. & Hendrick, H. W. (2004). Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods. CRC Press.
ISBN: 9780415287005; ISBN 10: 0415287006

Um excelente manual, com mais de 83 métodos da Ergonomia, suas vantagens, desvantagens e aplicações mais comuns.

Alguns dos métodos abordados são:

Physical Methods

>PLIBEL - The Method Assigned for Identification of Ergonomic Hazards
>Musculoskeletal Discomfort Surveys Used at NIOSH
>The Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (DMQ)
>Quick Exposure Checklist (QEC) for the Assessment of Workplace Risks for Work-Relate Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs)
>Rapid Entire Body Assessment
>The Strain Index
>Posture Checklist Using Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) Technology
>Scaling Experiences during Work: Perceived Exertion and Difficulty
>Muscle Fatigue Assessment: Functional Job Analysis Technique
>Psychophysical Tables: Lifting, Lowering, Pushing, Pulling, and Carrying
>Lumbar Motion Monitor
>The Occupational Repetitive Action (OCRA) Methods: OCRA Index and
>OCRA Checklist
> Assessment Of Exposure to Manual Patient Handling in Hospital Wards: MAPO INDEX (Movement and Assistance of Hospital Patients)

Psycho-Physiological Methods

>Electrodermal Measurement
>Electromyography (EMG)
>Estimating Mental Effort Using Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability
>Ambulatory EEG Methods and Sleepiness
>Assessing Brain Function and Mental Chronometry with Event-Related Potentials (ERP)
>MEG and fMRI
>Ambulatory Assessment of Blood Pressure to Evaluate Workload
>Monitoring Alertness by Eyelid Closure
>Measurement of Respiration in Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics Research

Behavioural and Cognitive Methods

>Observation
>Applying Interviews to Usability Assessment
>Verbal Protocol Analysis
>Repertory Grid for Product Evaluation
>Focus Groups
>Hierarchical Task Analysis (HTA)
>Allocation of Functions
>Critical Decision Method
>Applied Cognitive Work Analysis (ACWA)
>Systematic Human Error Reduction and Prediction Approach (SHERPA)
>Task Analysis for Error Identification
>Mental Workload
>Multiple Resource Time Sharing Mode
>Critical Path Analysis for Multimodal Activity
>Situation Awareness Measurement and the Situation Awareness
>Global Assessment Technique

Team Methods

>Team Training
>Distributed Simulation Training for Teams
>Synthetic Task Environments for Teams: CERTT's UAV-STE
>Event-Based Approach to Training (EBAT)
>Team Building
>Measuring Team Knowledge
>Team Communications Analysis
>Questionnaires for Distributed Assessment of Team Mutual Awareness
>Team Decision Requirement Exercise: Making Team Decision
>Requirements Explicit
>Targeted Acceptable Responses to Generated Events or Tasks (TARGETs)
>Behavioral Observation Scales (BOS)
>Team Situation Assessment Training for Adaptive Coordination
>Team Task Analysis
>Team Workload
>Social Network Analysis

Environmental Methods

>Thermal Conditions Measurement
>Cold Stress Indices
>Heat Stress Indices
>Thermal Comfort Indices
>Indoor Air Quality: Chemical Exposures
>Indoor Air Quality: Biological/Particulate-Phase Contaminant Exposure Assessment Methods
>Olfactometry: the Human Nose as Detection Instrument
>The Context and Foundation of Lighting Practice
>Photometric Characterization of the Luminous Environment
>Evaluating Office Lighting
>Rapid Sound-Quality Assessment of Background Noise
>Noise Reaction Indices and Assessment
Noise and Human Behavior
>Occupational Vibration: a Concise Perspective
>Habitability Measurement in Space Vehicles and Earth Analogs

Macroergonomic Methods

>Macroergonomic Organizational Questionnaire Survey (MOQS)
>Interview Method
>Focus Groups
>Laboratory Experiment
>Field Study and Field Experiment
>Participatory Ergonomics (PE)
>Cognitive Walk-Through Method (CWM)
>Kansei Engineering
>HITOP Analysis™
>TOP-Modeler© 2002
>The CIMOP System© 2002
>Anthropotechnology
>Systems Analysis Tool (SAT)
>Macroergonomic Analysis of Structure (MAS)
>MacroErgonomic Analysis and Design (MEAD)
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3 comentários:

SAMY disse...
Este comentário foi removido pelo autor.
SAMY disse...

Existem termos em português equivalentes a esses apresentados no livro? Ou utiliza-se o termo em inglês na área de ergonomia?

Atom Ant disse...

Alguns termos foram traduzidos para Português, outros não. Contudo, deve tomar em consideração que algumas traduções foram feitas livremente, pelos autores e podem não reunir consenso. Portanto, para cada termo, o melhor será realizar uma pesquisa dos artigos recentes, publicados em língua Portuguesa, ou a leitura de obras de referência.